Parents of future first graders often joke that preparing their child for school is as difficult as preparing an astronaut for the first flight. And part of it is true. Constant changes in educational standards cause moms and dads, and grandparents in particular, to be confused. And the question that arises to parents bringing their child to school is what the child should know by the first grade.
It’s good to start preparing for school one year before admission. This will give the child the opportunity to meet the teachers and choose their “second mother”, to adapt to the new school environment and to form the skills necessary for the future first-grader.
But if there is no such opportunity, or if time has already been wasted, it is no problem. Let’s consider in detail everything that a child should know by the 1st grade of FGOS.
Psychological aspects of school readiness
The most important skill to be possessed by a child going to the first grade will be his or her psychological readiness for school, rather than knowledge of certain disciplines. It includes the ability to perceive new knowledge, to join a new children’s group, assiduity. Psychological immaturity of a child can turn primary school into an unbearable burden and discourage the desire to learn.
In order to avoid problems in the first grade, such as not learning math or writing due to the lack of retention or distracted attention, the first priority for parents is to help their child overcome psychological problems. Certainly, the task of psychological preparation for school is at teachers and the psychologist of kindergarten, but it is not necessary to rely entirely on other people. Whatever professionals they may be, no one knows your child better than you.
So, consider the psychological skills that will prep for gre your child to easily meet a new stage in his life – entry into school.
Persistence and desire for knowledge Concentration of attention in preschool children takes a short period of time. And learn new material for 30-45 minutes (standard lesson time) he can not do. Therefore, the primary task of the mother of the future first-grader will develop his assiduity and interest in new knowledge.
New knowledge is the key to success.
Mom and Dad have to motivate the child correctly: you go to school to become an educated person; the knowledge you gain will help you not only to succeed, but also to make the world a better place. (Not like this: go to school, all children at your age go to school).
Explain to your child that school is an important and responsible task. You can compare his lessons at school to the work of his parents. They are paid for their work (salary). And the reward for good learning is high grades. You should not reward your child with money for good grades. He should understand that the meaning of learning is in acquiring new knowledge.
Given the compulsory entry into school when the child reaches the age of six, parents and children have no choice: go to school or wait more.
Psychological preparation of children for school – entirely in the hands of his parents. Their care, attention and support will be needed when the child takes the first steps in his or her new school career. Family and friends will help to cope with the difficulties of this stage of life and share the first joys and successes.
Is your baby ready for school? How hard is the gre prepare?
The main indicator of readiness to study without problems in the first grade, after psychological aspects, is the development of speech in your child. It is the development of the speech system that determines the level of readiness of the child and serves as the main criterion for his development in general.
For school to be a joy, an applicant must:
Clearly and correctly pronounce all the sounds.
To feel the rhythm of speech (to pronounce all syllables in words with complex pronunciation).
Ability to participate in the general discussion, do not hesitate to speak in front of the whole class.
Highlight given sounds in the general flow of speech.
Ability to put questions on the task.
Learn to give a detailed answer to a question.
In addition to the presence of competent and correct speech, the future student has a number of requirements. Consider in detail what the child should know by 1st grade and what skills to have in each subject.
In order to successfully learn the material of the 1st grade math worksheets, a preschooler must:
Know the name of numbers from 0 to 9 and count to 10.
Continue the row of numbers with any digit, not only from 1.
Know the “neighbors” of each digit, counting to 10.
Call the larger and smaller of the two numbers within 10.
To distinguish between simple geometrical figures: square, rhombus, circle and triangle.
To cope with the simplest mathematical problems that require to add numbers or take one from the other.
To form objects by groups, taking into account their color, shape, size.
How to help
Helping your child learn the necessary mathematical skills is very easy. Play the game with him – count the birds outside the window, the houses you pass, the cars while you’re driving.
While walking in the park, draw numbers with a stick on the ground, put them out of small pebbles or write on the asphalt with colored crayons.
Play with the baby at school. Verbally set a simple task: the cat has 2 pink bows and 3 blue. And how many are there? The child can write the answer on a piece of paper. This will help him hear the tasks and practice writing numbers.
When asked whether a child should be able to read by syllables at 5-6 years old, there is no unambiguous answer. The discussion on this issue continues among mothers and teachers. Adherents of reading skills argue in favour of a busy school curriculum. Their opponents argue that reading instruction is better provided to professionals.
So it is up to everyone to teach their child to read or not. And it depends on the individual characteristics of the child. If you managed in the form of a game to instill interest in the letters, and your daughter or son learned to read, great!
But if attempts to teach a child to read lead to strong resistance from his side, do not insist. Otherwise, you risk forever robbing him of his love not only for books, but also for learning in general.
If the ability to read by syllables at 5-6 years of age is not required of the child, he should have some basic skills:
Know the letters and understand the sounds they correspond to.
Separate a given sound from a word.
Create words with the right letter.
Know what a sentence is, find its beginning and end.
Understand the text you hear, be able to analyze it.
Give answers to text questions.
Encourage your child to love literature. Read together those books he is interested in. These can be animal stories, fairy tales or children’s magazines. Play words more often. You can combine these games with playing ball. Match words to a particular letter, look for a letter in different words, make new words out of a word, rearrange the letters, divide words into syllables (you can sing them).
If the question of whether to teach a child to read is controversial, then teach him to write capital letters is certainly not worth it. After all, the rules of spelling letters insignificant, but still change. And to teach a child to write on them is much more difficult than teaching to write someone who has never tried.
But for successful learning to write, there are criteria for what a child must know by grade 1:
To understand the difference between consonants and vowels.
Know the difference between the sound and the letter.
Find the letter at the beginning, middle or end of the word.
Know how to break a word into syllables.
Develop hand motor skills…
If you teach your baby to write, it is not necessary to develop his fine motor skills. To do this, it is necessary to deal with the child, as:
To hold a pen (pencil, drawing brush).
Fold a given geometric figure of matches or chopsticks to count.
Picture an animal, a person.
Shape without going over the edge.
To draw lines without the help of a ruler.
To mould the necessary figure from plasticine.
Cut the painted elements out of paper.
Draw the printed letters from the sample.
Take time to develop your motor skills. This will be suitable for modeling, drawing, folding puzzles and creating applications. Good motor skills of fingers will help the future student not only with creative tasks at school, but also produces beautiful handwriting and smooth speech.
When enrolling in school, be prepared to check what the child should know by 1st grade. Tests or an oral interview – the procedure is at the discretion of the school administration where you wish to enrol.
Life skills required for a child who is in Grade 1.
In addition to what a child should know by grade 1, there are a number of other skills needed at home for a successful “school career”. Faster and easier to get used to the school routine of the child, who is responsible for their responsibilities at home. Most preschool children already know how to wash, clean the bed and put things together.
When preparing for the school phase of a child’s life, it is worth teaching him/her the following:
Fold your own backpack. For starters, he will do it at the dictation of an adult. Then it is enough to double-check whether everything is in place. And the third stage – the child’s own responsibility for the packed things.
To prepare from the evening the clothes in which he will go to class.
Observe the daily and weekly routine. In order not to miss additional lessons or training, you can make notes on the calendar with a bright marker.
Keep your “workplace” clean. And it’s Mom and Dad’s job to make sure the lighting and chair height are correct.
The first time you see the list of skills required for a first-grader, you can be shocked. But you shouldn’t panic. After all, every year schools are replenished with new first-graders, whose level of training is very different from the established standards. The most important thing is to help your child to believe in themselves, their strength. Going to the first grade, your child should be sure that you will come to his aid at any time.