These are some of the most important skills that a child should have by first grade. The child should be able to keep himself and his things more or less in order, otherwise it will be how hard is the gre for him to orient himself in school life, because there will be no teacher or babysitter nearby. But there will be classmates who are willing to laugh at failures and misses.
Here’s a list of skills that the future schoolboy should have. Check to see if your child is ready:
Comb your hair and wash your hands (no reminder).
Pack your own backpack. You can buy it in advance to practice collecting your favorite toys, books and coloring with pencils for trips to the cottage.
Fold the sports uniform and change carefully, not stuff it in a backpack with a coma, hang things in the closet, and send the dirty to the wash.
Get dressed and undress yourself. You will have to tie an uncomfortable scarf yourself in winter!
Button up the buttons and hooks on the pants, tie the shoelaces. If a child comes out of the toilet with his fly unbuttoned… well, you got it.
By the way, teaching a child to use the public toilet carefully is also a skill to master.
Often school becomes stressful for a child: strangers around you who always want something from you and demand something… For a baby who is used to being Mom’s sunshine and Dad’s bunny, this is a completely unfamiliar situation.
- Often kids, especially those who did not go to kindergarten, waiting for the teacher to address them in person and say what to do: “Vasya, take out the pencil case and write this line,” so they ignore the collective tasks. They just don’t understand that Mary Ivanna’s words, referred to the whole class, and for him should be a guide to action. In the remaining three months, pick up the child some kind of circle where the teacher would communicate immediately with the group: drawing, but not one-on-one with the teacher, and with a dozen other kids, training in team sports, etc.
- Instruct your child to be independent. Give tasks from several actions. For example, “Gather the dishes from the table and put them in the dishwasher. “Pour all the flowers in the house except the cactus.” Then do it more seriously. Give me a small amount of money and say, “Come up to that ice cream stand over there, buy me and my sister some fillings and your own Eskimo. Don’t forget to pick up the change.” Control the performance nearby, but do not stand at the child “above the soul”, let him feel like an adult. And if there is a problem, ask for your help.
- The ability to ask for help or ask for help is another important skill. In case of conflicts, ask an adult. If you get lost at school, ask your teacher for help.
Ask him to repeat the task if he did not hear or understand. Or tell the nurse you don’t feel well if you’re sick.
- A good option is to use toys to play different scenes from school life, – thinks the family psychologist Svetlana Aleksandrova. – On an example of teddy-bears and bears it is possible to rehearse on roles, how the person should react in this or that situation.
The classic problem of a first-grader – closer to night it turns out that by tomorrow it was necessary to mould the Kremlin from cones and plasticine. Or to make a genealogical tree with photos of all relatives to the seventh knee. Or bring glue from the saliva of swallows and brushes from the tail of a wild lama, which in the afternoon with fire can not be found.
- Very often children have inattention – they are distracted in class and forget about their homework, – says the psychologist. – You can help your child to cope with this. Train during the summer – write small lists of cases for a day, a week, and give the child so that he could check all the things done. You can also give them routine tasks to develop their perseverance, such as asking them to help pick up some buckwheat or hanging up dry laundry. And train your attentiveness – notice with your child how many steps from the front door of your house to the elevator, what color the car passed by. You can do it in the format of a game, during walks.
In addition, for the child to be comfortable at school, he must be able to tolerate and discipline. Otherwise, it will be a bit difficult for him to sit through even one lesson. To help the child, teach him to follow the rules. To do this, you can play games with the rules, including board games – snake-trees, “Monopoly”, “Uno” and others.
In general, it is important to talk to your child about school. How it is and what happens, who obeys whom. Why do they go there at all – to learn new things, to become smarter.
And is the baby ready? How hard is the gre to learn?
Legally, a child can be enrolled in the first grade, if by September 1 he turned 6 years and 6 months old. They can accept earlier, if they’re ready for it:
The main indicator of readiness to enter the first grade is interest in learning. For a healthy and curious child, school with all the attributes is just a magnet.
Visual and motor coordination. Without her it will be difficult for the child to learn to write. To develop it, it is possible to pass with the child mazes on paper (all these “show the hedgehog the shortest way to the fungus”), to encircle subjects on a contour, to draw on stencils, and even to untangle balls.
Logical memory. It is necessary that the child does not jagged the texts and formulas, and understand their meaning. To train her, you can talk to your child about the order of actions in everyday tasks – what is done in what order and why. 1st grade math games for baby.
Analytical thinking. The future first-grader should be able to distinguish between parts and the whole, and also understand where the cause and the consequence are. Word-playing games are useful here, for example, making as many small words as possible out of one big word. You can observe nature together and explain to the child why and how it rains, thunder rumbles, and so on.
If the child is not ready, doctors and psychologists recommend another year in the preparatory group. Especially since the federal law “On Education” allows this: the upper age limit for first-graders is 8 years (if the child is healthy and there are no other restrictions).