Memorizing the alphabet, pronouncing the letters, and syllabizing the letters does not mean understanding what the text is about in dra reading. There will be no correctness, fluency, or expression in reading if students don’t understand what they are reading about and why they are reading. Systematic and comprehensive implementation of exercises, techniques – the key to success in all subjects and a guarantee of versatile education and personal development. How to organize interesting, entertaining and successful work on comprehension in the classroom and at home?
Two main ways of working on reading comprehension
The first way. Traditional .
The lesson plan is made in accordance with the methods of teaching reading: https://argoprep.com/blog/kindergarten-sight-words-list-and-info/. In the foreground of the secondary analysis, students check the factual content of the text, its plot and main characters through questions. Explanatory work on unknown words is carried out. Analysis of the 2nd level, assuming an assessment of the actions, understanding the feelings of the characters through the plan of the text, the characteristics of the characters’ images, ends with the synthesis, that is the elucidation of the main idea of the text.
The second way. Progressive .
Preparatory work aimed at attention to the word and its parts, the development of logic, the ability to work on a deformed or unfinished text is carried out. Activation of students’ thinking processes takes place with the help of exercises on understanding the text, which are divided into:
Logical tasks. They are aimed at finding common and distinctive features, actions with them.
“Compose a new word.” Pupils are asked to make up another word using the given words, using the first syllable from the first column and the second syllable from the second column. To complicate the work given the task of making them on a particular topic. Example: “Flowers” (rose, peony, iris).
“Find the Fourth.” With this exercise, students learn to make a connection between words from the first pair to “repeat” it in the second pair.
Borsch – cook, Helicopter – ? (engineer, constructor).
Desk is a tree. Knife – ? (steel)
Autumn is spring. Dawn – ? (sunset)
Assignments that require attention to a word and its parts. Attention is a very important part of conscious reading.
“Transformation.” You have to turn a balloon into a gift (for the first row), juice into jam (for the second row), and chalk into a task (for the third row). Each successive word is one letter longer than the previous one. At the same time, all made-up words are subject to the same theme. Such a game can be used from the end of the first grade. Each of the words forces the student to concentrate and think.
“Find an Animal.” The group of game exercises also includes riddles, rebuses and charades.
In this challenging but engaging exercise, students must find the name of a hidden animal in the lines of a poem. Examples of poems:
There was a thunderstorm. I spent an hour (Hare).
Didn’t open my eyes for fear.
Walking in the grove, but to the pond (Puppy).
I will not go through the swamp.
The fish know my shadow, (Mosquito)
Over the rivers I dance.
A watermelon sailed down the Volga River,
I’ve been following it for half an hour. (Carp)
Is diving and swimming bad?
(Falcon) A swift flies high, (Falcon)
But you can’t compare it to me.
I am thin and puny. (SINGING) Full of courage (Raccoon)
The bug rams the waves with its nose.
Exercises with the text.
Arrange the questions in sequence according to the content of the text.
Read the answer to question 5.
Think of questions for the sixth paragraph.
Retell the text using the answers to the questions.
“Quick Exploration”. An exercise in which answers to the teacher’s questions must be found as quickly as possible.
Make a plan for the work. Finding key words, special associations, which link the logical chain together.